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Gothic Art

Most people do not know what is Art Gothic. Well, I am going to explain what it means to. Gothic Art is art created in 12th to 16th Century AD. It was created first in Europe. That art was created in some elements, such as nature, elegant, traditional and so on. Abbot Suger was a father of Gothic art/architecture.

It has Key Features: -source from http://www.architecturecourses.org/early-english-gothic-period-

  • Introduction of the flying buttress, pointed arch and ribbed vaulting
  • Pointed arch openings and support, also knows as a lancet arches
  • Lancet windows that were larger and wider
  • Moldings carved with great depth
  • Tooth ornamentation
  • Large rose windows
  • Emphasis on increased height
  • Clusters of slender columns surrounding a central pillar (or pier)

Gothic art is including sculpture, panel painting, stained glass, fresco and illuminated manuscript. The first gothic art was monumental sculpture on the Cathedrals and Abbeys. There were 10 top building of Gothic Art in some abbey church and cathedrals: -source http://www.architecturecourses.org/top-ten-gothic-buildings-

  1. Cathedral Basilica of St.Denis, France
  2. Palace of Westminster, United Kingdom
  3. Palais des Papes, France
  4. Milan Cathedral, Italy
  5. The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, Cyprus
  6. Strawberry Hill Castle (Villa), England
  7. Palacio de Comunicaciones, Spain
  8. Notre Dame Cathedral, France
  9. Burgos Cathedral, Spain
  10. Cologne Cathedral, Germany

Abbey Church St. Denis

Abbot Suger

Abbot Suger

Palace of Westminster built by Charles Barry, Europe Architecture (1795-1860)

Palace of Westminster built by Charles Barry, Europe Architecture (1795-1860)

Palais De Papes built by two best students of The School Siena, Simone Martini and Matteo Giovanetti.

Palais De Papes built by two best students of The School Siena, Simone Martini and Matteo Giovanetti.

The Milan Cathedral was built in 582 years. It is the fifth of largest cathedral. It built by anonymous, but that cathedral built and fixed by someone alternately (Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Simone Da Orsenigo, and so on until 2003-2009.

The Milan Cathedral was built in 582 years. It is the fifth of largest cathedral. It built by anonymous, but that cathedral built and fixed by someone alternately (Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Simone Da Orsenigo, and so on until 2003-2009.)

The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque built in Rayyonant Gothic (1298-1312).

The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque built in Rayyonant Gothic (1298-1312).

It built and designed by Horace Walpole (1749-1776)

It built and designed by Horace Walpole (1749-1776)

It was built in 1993. The Palacio De Comincacioni become into symbolic monument of the city, Madrid.

It was built in 1993. The Palacio De Comincacioni become into symbolic monument of the city, Madrid.

Notre Dame Cathedral was among the first cathedral in the world to use the flying buttress.

Notre Dame Cathedral was among the first cathedral in the world to use the flying buttress.

The Burgos Cathedral was built and ordered by King Ferdinand III and Mauricio, Bishop of Burgos. It built in 1221-1567 (it continued on and off)

The Burgos Cathedral was built and ordered by King Ferdinand III and Mauricio, Bishop of Burgos. It built in 1221-1567 (it continued on and off)

The Cologne Cathedral was started to build in 1248-1880.

The Cologne Cathedral was started to build in 1248-1880.

In additional, there were some gothic arts in paintings, stained glass, frescos and manuscripts, for example:

Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child painted by Simone Martini

The Sisters Window, it favored by Cisterican Order under St. Bernard.

The Sisters Window, it favored by Cisterican Order under St. Bernard.

There are lots of Gothic Arts, if you want to know more. You can look at links which I give you below.

NB: If you do not understand what it means to the flying buttress. You could look at http://www.architecturecourses.org/flying-buttress.

Sources:

https://www4.uwm.edu/letsci/arthistory/StainedGlass/history.cfm

http://www.architecturecourses.org/

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